BCRJ code:
Cell Line:
Homo sapiens

Vulgar Name: Human
Peripheral Blood
Cell Type:
Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
Growth Properties:
Age Ethinicy:
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
DNA Profile:
Amelogenin: X
D5S818: 12
D13S317: 8,11
D7S820: 11,12
D16S539: 11
vWA: 16
THO1: 7,8
TPOX: 8,11
CSF1PO: 13,14
Tumor Formation:
Yes, in nude mice (subcutaneous myeloid tumors)
Yes, in semi-solid media
tumor necrosis factor (TNF), also known as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha, TNF alpha), after stimulation with phorbol myristic acid
Additional info:
HL-60 cells spontaneously differentiate and differentiation can be stimulated by butyrate, hypoxanthine, phorbol myristic acid (PMA, TPA), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO, 1% to 1.5%), actinomycin D, and retinoic acid.
The cells exhibit phagocytic activity and responsiveness to chemotactic stimuli.

The line is positive for myc oncogene expression.
Culture Medium:
Iscove's Modified Dulbecco's Medium (IMDM) contains 4 mM L-glutamine, 4500 mg/L glucose, and 1500 mg/L sodium bicarbonate. Fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 20%.
Cultures can be maintained by addition of fresh medium.
Alternatively, cultures can be established by centrifugation with subsequent resuspension at 1 x 10e5 viable cells/mL.
Maintain cultures at a cell concentration between 1 x 10e5 and 1 x 10e6 cells/mL.

NOTE: Do not allow the cell concentration to exceed 1 x 10e6 cells/mL.

Population Doubling Time about: 24-30 hours

Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
Culture Conditions:
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
95% FBS + 5% DMSO (Dimethyl sulfoxide)
Thawing Frozen Cells:
SAFETY PRECAUTION: Is highly recommend that protective gloves and clothing always be used and a full face mask always be worn when handling frozen vials. It is important to note that
some vials leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vessel exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris.
1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the Oring and cap out of the water. Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
3. For cells that are sensitive to DMSO is recommended that the cryoprotective agent be removed immediately. Transfer the vial contents to a centrifuge tube containing 9.0 mL complete culture medium and spin at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 7 minutes.
4.Discard the supernatant and Resuspend cell pellet with the recommended complete medium (see the specific batch information for the culture recommended dilution ratio).
5. Incubate the culture in a appropriate atmosphere and temperature (see "Culture Conditions" for this cell line).

NOTE: It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells. It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).

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Tiffany HL, et al. Enhanced expression of the eosinophil-derived neurotoin ribonuclease (RNS2) gene requires interaction between the promoter and intron. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 12387-12393, 1996. PubMed: 8647842

Chan YJ, et al. Synergistic interactions between overlapping binding sites for the serum response factor and ELK-1 proteins mediate both basal enhancement and phorbol ester responsiveness of primate cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 8590-8605, 1996. PubMed: 8970984

Mao M, et al. RIG-E, a human homolog of the murine Ly-6 family, is induced by retinoic acid during the differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cell. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 5910-5914, 1996. PubMed: 8650192

Lepley RA, et al. Tyrosine kinase activity modulates catalysis and translocation of cellular 5-lipoxygenase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 6179-6184, 1996. PubMed: 8626407

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U.S. Pharmacopeia USP Monographs: Technetium 99mTc Fanolesomab Injection. Rockville, MD: USP32-NF27, 2005
Ellen Jessouroun, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz